It seems that most media coverage of Guantánamo today is centered on what the US government should do with the naval base, but I am reasonably certain that, through no fault of their own, a majority of Americans have formed opinions about Guantánamo without knowing all of its history. Before I became involved in this project, I also did not know much about Guantánamo’s history. My previous knowledge of the base came from news blurbs in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. I heard that suspected terrorists had been taken to Guantánamo Bay and were tortured for information, and that the US government was being severely criticized about this blatant violation of human rights. I’m not even sure I knew that Guantánamo was an American naval base; I assumed it was some illusive deserted island somewhere in the Caribbean. What surprised me most about Guantánamo’s history was the fact that it had a history beyond its 9/11 associations and that human rights had been violated at the site in the past.
This revelation should not have come as such a surprise to me, as the history of Guantánamo naval base is crucial to understanding contemporary discussions of the site today. For instance, knowing how (and in what context) the United States navy acquired the base in the Spanish-American war allows people to more fully understand how the legal “black hole” of Guantánamo was created, which will hopefully help them make a more informed decision about what they think the government should be doing with the base. With the upcoming presidential election, there has been some discussion about President Obama’s previous promise to shut the base down, but according to public media reports, there has been little progress on the issue.
Therefore, I hope this exhibit will encourage viewers to question fundamental issues of human rights and the protection of those rights in our world today, inspiring them to take action on these problems. For example, when viewers see the artwork from the “Arts of Detention” panel, such as Soler’s poignant image of a woman and child looking across the bay from behind (or perhaps tangled in) coils of razor wire, I hope that the problems that surround Guantánamo will become real and human in their eyes. I hope that people are inspired by the information we present, spurring them into meaningful dialogue about the violations that happened at Guantánamo in the past and what they think the future holds for the site today. Ultimately, my hope is that this dialogue will motivate our viewers to take action on these matters, and that they will promise to become involved in these issues after they leave the exhibit.
Posted by Abigail Cengel – M.A. Candidate at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Indiana University-Purdue University at Indianapolis is participating in the Guantánamo Public Memory Project‘s National Dialogue and Traveling Exhibit. Opening at NYU’s Kimmel Center for University Life Windows Gallery in December 2012 and traveling to 9 sites (and counting) across the country through at least 2014, the exhibit will explore GTMO’s history from US occupation in 1898 to today’s debates and visions for its future. The exhibit is being developed through a unique collaboration among a growing number of universities as a dialogue among their students, communities, and people with first-hand experience at GTMO.